CSBP is a major ammonia supplier in Australia with a facility can produce 255,000 tonnes per annum, underpinned by natural gas delivered through the Dampier to Bunbury Natural Gas Pipeline, and has the capacity to store 40,000 tonnes. CSBP is an ammonia supplierto external customers and internally to its ammonium nitrate, sodium cyanide and fertiliser businesses.
In addition to manufacturing ammonia, CSBP’s facility means that ammonia can be readily sourced to meet demand. CSBP has arrangements in place with international ammonia traders to ensure supply security at all times.
Through priority access to the Kwinana Bulk Cargo Jetty, CSBP can guarantee timely transportation and delivery of ammonia to customers, both in Australia and globally.
Ammonia is a toxic, colourless gas with a sharp odour. It can be condensed at -34ºC and turned into liquid under pressure. It’s readily soluble in water – one part of ammonia will dissolve completely in 1.1 parts of water on a weight for weight basis.
Process and production of ammonia
CSBP's ammonia plant can produce up to 255,000 tonnes per annum. The plant features a world-class environmentally-efficient design and refrigerated storage and loading facilities.
As well as ammonia, CSBP produce carbon dioxide as a by-product, which is used as a water treatment chemical in the food and beverage industry and in medical applications.
Ammonia production process
The basic ammonia production process, known as the Haber process, uses natural gas, steam and air:
- First, sulphur is removed from natural gas.
- In a process known as primary reforming, the natural gas and steam are reacted at approximately 1,000ºC to produce carbon monoxide and hydrogen.
- The secondary reforming process sees carbon monoxide and hydrogen mixed with air to produce more carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas. The air also provides nitrogen for the subsequent synthesis of ammonia.
- The carbon monoxide is then converted to carbon dioxide and removed.
- Any remaining carbon oxides are converted to methane in a process known as methanation.
- Hydrogen and nitrogen are reacted over a catalyst to form ammonia.
- The ammonia gas is refrigerated and converted to liquid for storage.
Ammonia safety and transport
CSBP are committed to storing and transporting our ammoniasafely by following strict safety standards across our operations. To find out more about CSBP's commitment to safety, visit our Safety and transport page.
It’s CSBP's policy to provide a unique Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each of our products, including those not classified as hazardous material by WorkSafe Australia. The information included in each MSDS should be used to help users develop occupational health and safety procedures to maintain the health and safety of everyone involved.
Download the ammonia and carbon dioxide MSDS by visiting here.
Please note, we reserve the right to add, delete or make changes to the MSDS on this website without notice.
Anhydrous ammonia and ammonia gas
Ammonium nitrate manufacture, sodium cyanide manufacture, fertiliser manufacture, nickel processing